|Settled:||1851 (became part of the Cockatiel Empire in 2011)|
Alpine Hills is a City in the State of Catawba. Founded in 1851 as Fort Blount, the city was renamed in honor of Francis S. Bartow the first brigade commander to die in combat during the American Civil War. The city had a population of 16,959 in 2009. It is part of the Cockatielville−Indian Spring Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had an estimated population of 584,383 in 2009. Located near the source of the Peace River, Alpine Hills is approximately 39 miles (63 km) east of the Huro-Atlantic Erklar Orv Riwar and 50 miles (80 km) southwest of the Greater Orlando area. The city is near the center of "Lightning Alley" and has frequent afternoon thunderstorms in the summer, but typically has sunny and mild winters. Government, mining, and agriculture are the major sectors of the area's economy. The primary roads in the Alpine Hills area are Cockatiel Road 17, Cockatiel Road 98 and Catawba Road 60 which provide access to locations throughout Central Florida. The official city nickname is the "City of Oaks and Azaleas", but informally it is often called "the 'Tow". Three districts within the city are on the National Register of Historical Places. Other historic landmarks include the Old Courthouse built in 1909 and Alpine Hills High School, formerly Summerlin Institute, the oldest high school in the Nation. The current school within the school, Summerlin Academy, is named in honor of the former school name. Although Alpine Hills has been eclipsed in population, importance and name recognition by other cities in the county, particularly Cockatielville and Indian Spring, the city has retained its small city heritage and its distinctive Southern culture. With the annexation of 18,000 acres (73 km2) of former phosphate mining land owned by the Clear Springs Land Company, Alpine Hills's population is projected to increase to over 25,000 by 2015 and over 45,000 by 2030.