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This article, Bir Tawil is about the geographical location. For micronational claims, see Bir Tawil (disambiguation)
Bi'r Tawīl is an area between macronations of Egypt and North Sudan. Bir Tawil or Bi'r Tawīl (بيرطويل in Arabic; Bi'r or بير , meaning "deep water well") is a 2,060 km2 (795 sq mi) area along the border between Egypt and Sudan which is claimed by neither country. It is sometimes referred to as the Bir Tawil Triangle, despite the area's quadrilateral shape, with the longer side in the north of the area running along the 22° north circle of latitude. It is the only area where the administrative boundary of 1902 between the two countries runs south of the political boundary of 1899, which had been defined as the 22° north circle of latitude. East-to-west, the area is between 46 kilometres (29 mi) long in the south, and 95 kilometres (59 mi) long in the north, and between 26 kilometres (16 mi) and 31 kilometres (19 mi) wide north-to-south, and 2,060 km2 (800 sq mi) in size. The Bir Tawil area came under Egyptian administration in 1902, because it was grazing land of the Ababda tribe based near Aswan, Egypt. At the same time, the Hala'ib Triangle north of latitude 22° north, and northeast of the area, came under Sudanese administration, because the tribes of this area were based in Sudan. The two "triangles" border at one point, a quadripoint. Egypt still administers the territory, but its administration is not marked on Egyptian government maps
In 1899, when the United Kingdom held hegemony in the area, the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Agreement for Sudan set the border between the territories at the 22nd parallel. However, in 1902 the UK drew a separate "administrative boundary", under which a triangle of land north of the parallel was placed under Sudanese administration, because its inhabitants were closer to Khartoum than Cairo, both geographically and culturally. The area thus became the responsibility of the British Governor in Khartoum. Egypt claims the original border from 1899, the 22° north circle of latitude, which would place the Hala'ib Triangle within Egypt and the Bir Tawil area within Sudan. Sudan however claims the administrative border of 1902, which would put Hala'ib within Sudan, and Bir Tawil within Egypt. As a result, both states claim the Hala'ib Triangle and neither claims the much less valuable Bir Tawil area, which is only a tenth the size and is landlocked. There is no basis in international law for Sudan or Egypt to claim both territories, and it would be difficult, if not impossible, for any third state to claim the area, since it is accessible only through Sudan or Egypt. As a result, Bir Tawil is one of the few land areas of the world which is not claimed by any recognised state.
In the north of the area is the mountain Jabal Tawil (جبل طويل in Arabic, located at Egypt), with a height of 459 meters. In the east is Jabal Ḩajar az Zarqā', with a height of 662 meters. In the south is the Wadi Tawil (وادي طويل in Arabic, also called Khawr Abū Bard).
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