A Conlang (short for "Constructed Language") is an artificial language that is created without regards to natural language formation. Whereas most spoken languages evolve over thousands of years, conlangs are created from scratch. (It should be noted, however, that some devoted conlangers attempt to make languages that appear to result from natural changes and indeed, very few actually go back and explore the changes that their language has supposedly undergone.)
There are numerous reasons for developing conlangs. Some linguists have created languages for use in place of natural languages (most notably, Esperanto). Some linguists create them for use in stories (for instance, Klingon). Some create them simply for pleasure or for educational purposes.
Planned, constructed, artificial
The terms "planned", "constructed", and "artificial" are used differently in some traditions. Some speakers of Esperanto and Ido avoid the term "artificial language" because they deny that there is anything "unnatural" about the use of their language in human communication.
By contrast, some philosophers have argued that all human languages are conventional or artificial.
The micronational world is home to a number of conlangs. If the name of the conlang is in italics, it indicates the conlang is no longer used. They include the following:
- New Amokolian (being constructed)
- Northworthian (?)
- Dradelian Kaynian
- Suniverso Selingo