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Democratic Republic of Ilithia

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The Democratic Republic of Ilithia
Flab of ilithia

Motto
"Peace, by any means."
Location: Western Europe
Capital city Ilithia City
Largest city Ilithia City
Official language(s) English, Esperanto
Official religion(s) State Atheism
Demonym Ilithian
Government Unitary Semi-Presidential Democracy
- Chancellor (Temporary) William J Troy
- President William J Troy
Legislature Ilithian House of Representatives
Established 2013
Population 7
Currency Ilithian Mark
Time zone Central Ilitian Time- UTC; Central Ilithian Summer Time- UTC+1
National animal Koala
Internet Domain (proposed) .ili


The Democratic Republic of Ilithia (Esperanto: La Demokrata Respubliko de Ilitio) is a micronation that was founded on the sixth of August, 2013. It is an enclave nation with two of its three departments surrounded by the United Kingdom (the third being comprised of expatriate citizens).  

Etymology

The etymology of the name is currently debated by the nation's linguists. The most commonly accepted theory, however, is that the root 'ili' is derived from the Latin 'illi' meaning 'they' or 'those'.

History

The country first declared independence in August, 2013. However, it did not have a president until 2014 when William Troy was sworn in as temporary President and Chancellor until the first elections could be held. 

On the third of March, 2014, the nation re-branded itself with a focus on green to promote its green policies after the House reached a unanimous decision, a first for the country. 

The country was inducted into the MAA on the tenth of August, 2014. 

The country's secession is still unrecognised by the United Kingdom. For this reason, a committee is preparing another attempt at an officially recognised secession in the foreseeable future.

Government & Politics

The government is a unitary semi-presidential republic with strong democratic traditions. The government has two heads of state: a President who is the figurehead of the state and who leads the legislative process, and a Chancellor who oversees governmental bodies and the ward of the exterior.

The legislature is a unicameral House of Representatives made up of democratically elected representatives from each of the country's departments. Bills are made when a representative (including the President or Chancellor) or think-tank of private citizens propose a new law or a change to another law. After discussion and debate, the House votes on the bill, after which a committee makes any amendments to existing laws or introduces new laws. For a bill to pass, it must have a 70% majority or any majority after six months. If a bill would affect the human or civil rights of Ilithian citizens, if the country is considering going to war, if the issue is new, or at the President's special request, then a nation-wide referendum will be held to get an accurate view of the entire nation. In this case, a 70% majority is always required to pass the bill. The legislative process is ended when the President signs a bill to make an Act of the House. The unicameral system was chosen as it would make the legislative process easier, quicker, and more democratic as opposed to having an Upper House similar to the UK's House of Lords.

Law & Order

There are four courts in the Ilithian Ward of Justice: The Courts of First Instance (which hear criminal cases), The Courts of Civil Affairs (which hear civil and family law cases), The Lower Court of Appeals (which is the first court at which appeals are heard), and the Supreme Court of Appeals (which is the second court and ultimate at which appeals are heard.

The Courts of First Instance are made up of two individual courts: The Primary Criminal Court and The Secondary Criminal Court. The Primary Court hears all criminal cases. However, if a case is deemed relatively serious, the defendant will be indicted and then referred to The Secondary Court for their trial. Even if a case is not deemed serious enough for automatic referral to Secondary, the defendant has the right to have their case heard there after indictment.

If a defendant wishes to appeal the verdict of their trial, then they may take their case to the Lower Court of Appeals. If they then wish to appeal this decision, they may ultimately take their case to the Supreme Court of Appeals. If a defendant wishes to make an appeal based on a particular aspect of law, then the Lower Court of Appeals is bypassed and the case taken straight to the Supreme Court. The next step from here would be to take the case to the House of Representatives. In these situations, the Supreme Court has the power to make changes to laws if a panel of judges can reach a unanimous decision in favour of such a change and have the House's backing; the House of Representatives has complete legislative power regarding any changes to law.

The Courts of Civil Affairs are also made up of two courts: The Primary Civil Court and The Secondary Civil Court. In civil law cases (between two or more private parties), The Primary Civil Court hears cases valued below M5000; The Secondary Civil Court hears any cases valued more than this or of high complexity. In Primary Court, the use of lawyers is heavily discouraged and only court appointed lawyers are allowed. This is to prevent richer parties from having an unfair advantage in court. This does not apply to Secondary Court, however. Family law cases are heard in either depending on severity. All civil appeals follow the same pattern as criminal cases.

In official documents, cases are styled as Plaintiff v Defendant. In criminal cases, the plaintiff is the 'The State of Ilithia' (often abbreviated to 'The State) and the defendant in the defendant's surname. The only exception to this is in human and civil rights cases where the plaintiff becomes 'The People of Ilithia' or just 'The People'. In civil law cases, the plaintiff is the person bringing the case's second name; in family law cases, the format is 'Re' followed by the names of people involved in the case.

Military

Ilithia currently does not have an active military, nor does it have any future plans to introduce one.

Geography & Climate

The country is situated in Western Europe in the British Isles and has the stereotypical overcast, rainy weather commonly associated with the region. However, in Summer, temperatures can exceed 25 °C and in Winter can drop below 0 °C.

Departments

Ilithia is made up of three departments: two located in Western Europe called Longridge (Eo: Lonrigxio) and Charlesworth (Eo: Cxarlsuorto), and the third being an exclusively on-line department made up of expatriate citizens know as 'La Interreta Fako'.

Longridge is the location of the country's capital Ilithia City, which is the home of the government and the House of Representatives, while Charlesworth is the location of Granston City, which is often considered the cultural capital of Ilithia.

Economy

Ilithia's currency is the Ilithian Mark (M) which is made up of 100 Ilithian Cents (m). 

External Links

The Ilithian (The official news blog of Ilithia)

La Ilitiano (La oficiala blogo de novajxoj por Esperanto)

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