A Coat of arms, more properly called an armorial achievement, armorial bearings or often just arms for short, in European tradition, is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people such as a micronation) and used by them in a wide variety of ways. Historically, they were used by knights to identify them apart from enemy soldiers. In Continental Europe commoners were able to adopt Burgher arms. Unlike seals and emblems, coats of arms have a formal description that is expressed as a blazon. In the 21st century, coats of arms are still in use by a variety of institutions and individuals (for example several universities have guidelines on how their coats of arms may be used and protect their use).
The art of designing, displaying, describing, and recording arms is called heraldry. The use of coats of arms by countries, states, provinces, towns and villages is called civic heraldry.
In the heraldic traditions of England and Scotland an individual, rather than a family, had a coat of arms. In those traditions coats of arms are legal property transmitted from father to son; wives and daughters could also bear arms modified to indicate their relation to the current holder of the arms. Undifferenced arms are used only by one person at any given time. Other descendants of the original bearer could bear the ancestral arms only with some difference: usually a colour change or the addition of a distinguishing charge. One such charge is the label, which in British usage (outside the Royal Family) is now always the mark of an heir apparent.
Because of their importance in identification, particularly in seals on legal documents, the use of arms was strictly regulated; few countries continue in this today. This has been carried out by heralds and the study of coats of arms is therefore called "heraldry." Some other traditions (e.g., Polish heraldry) are less restrictive — allowing, for example, all members of a dynastic house or family to use the same arms, although one or more elements may be reserved to the head of the house.
In time, the use of coat of arms spread from military entities to educational institutes, and other establishments. According to a design institute article, "The modern logo and corporate livery have evolved from the battle standard and military uniform of medieval times".
In his book, The Visual Culture of Violence in the Late Middle Ages, Valentin Groebner argues that the images composed on coats of arms are in many cases designed to convey a feeling of power and strength, often in military terms. The author Helen Stuart argues that some coat of arms were a form of corporate logo. Museums on medieval coat of arms also point out that as emblems they may be viewed as a pre-cursors to the corporate logos of modern society, used for group identity formation.
Micronational coats of arms
- Maroon represents patriotism, courage, effort and preservation of culture. -Blue represents hope, truth, freedom and correct government. -Green represents discovery, wilderness and environmental legacy. The yellow compass represents the fourth, unofficial principle, which is the advancement of scientific knowlege. -White represents purity and justice in equal partnership with Blue (checkered design). -Pear Trees represent wildlife conservation and the fruits of labour. -Crown represents the monarch and monarchy. -Herons represent environmental legacy and that the environment supports us in every way. -Mottos. The upper motto says "Bal Tashchit" ("Do Not Destroy" in Hebrew, self-explanatory), while the lower motto says "V'achalta V'savata" ("You Shall Eat, And You Shall Be Satisfied" in Hebrew, meaning that we should take only what we need and be satisfied with what we have).
|Coat of Arms||Symbolism|
|Grand Duchy of Oceanis||The Oceanise Coat of Arms shows two eagles holding a shield that shows a shell and a banner with flowers. The shell represents the oceanic nature of our great nation and the flowers represent the peace we hope to keep. The eagles are representative of our strength and sovereignty.|
|Tsardom of Markoslavia||The Markoslavian Coat of Arms symbolizes the effort to establish a world-wide Eastern-Orthodox, Slavic empire. Markoslavia does not intend to insult any other nation.|
|Empire of Barbettia||The Barbettian coat of arms shows the importance of chess in the empire, the national bird (golden eagle), the national motto, and national colors. The crown represents the monarchy.|
|The Republic of Huro-Atlantica||The Huro-Atlantic Coat of Arms|
|United Kingdom of Great Britannia||Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom of Great Britannia|
|Aksum Imperium||This is the official coat of Arms of the Aksum Imperium and the family coat of arms for the House of Aeon. The Coat of Arms displays courage and character. The colour of the shield is black denoting dependability. The Charge on the shield is the eagle symbolizing strength, judiciousness, protections, or a person of noble birth. The mantling on the coat of arms is ornate and contains a crowned knight as its helm, symbolizng a person of royalty or sovereign authority. The supports on the coat of arms are lions symbolizing dauntless courage and fearlessness. The banner displays the latin "Vi et Animo, translated as By Strength and Courage (the Imperial Motto)|
|Angelland, Democratic Republic of||The Angellan flag is at the top of the coat of arms. 'Three' is an important element. The three colours of the flag are symbolizing the three founders of Angelland. There are also three symbols upon the blue ground (which stands for the river 'Angel'). The stars mean the three districts Angelland, Sendenhorst and Zechenland. They are green in the meaning as the opposit of the river. The sceptre is the relict of the Angelan Kingdom and stands also for the Angelan history per se. The little boat is the AL Togo, standing for the exploratory spirit of the nation. The dominance of the base section can be interprated in two ways. First as the dominance of the Angelan culture over former neighbor Sun Beach. Otherwise: two-thirds of the founders were from the same House. This could explain the partition in one- and two-thirds.|
|Aritastan||The coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Aritastan emphasizes on Aritastans most popular religion, Christianity, Holly for another emphasis of Christianity, and the purple circle around it meaning majestic. This coat of Arms succesfully combine the Eastern culture, purple in buddhism, and Western culture, Christianity, accomplishing Aritastan's goal.|
|Arkel||Based on the siege of Damiate during the Fifth Crusuade, where the ancestors of Maarten van Arkel fought.|
|Sovereign Kingdom of Austreneland||
The full achievment of the King of Austreneland as of October the Fifteenth, 2010
|United Kingdom of Backbench||On the top, there is the Saint Crown of Backbench, and the two colours symbolise the wall and the floor, with a bench in the left corner.|
|Templar Kingdom||copyright, all rights reserved. ©|
|Leylandiistan||Leylandiistan's New Coat of Arms, which represents our Celtic culture, our core values of peace and unity, and our love and respect for the Environment|
|Neivacheg||Imperial Provinces of Neivacheg Coat of Arms.|
|The Royal Arms of King Montague also serve as the Coat of Arms for Calsahara. It was modified from the arms that the king used while he was Grand Duke of Westarctica.|
|Cheslovia||The double headed eagle of Cheslovia dates back to 2006 when the Kaznian Empire adopted it after the Russian Empire, however it can be traced back further to 2004 when it was used by various government agencies, but was not used as the national symbol.|
|Cliff Island||the coat of arms is divided into four parts. 1: a fish that is the national animal 2: Three arrows that symbolize the three islands united in arms. 3: three flowers symbolizing the three islands united in Peace. 4: a castle flying a flag symbolizing that we will protect anyone flying our flag. The motto, semper paratus, means always ready, and is the national motto.|
|Empire of D'visa||Imperial Seal of D'visa. Technically it is the personal heraldry of HIM the Sovereign, however, it has been used as a National Seal since the Empire's foundation. D'visa has a complex system of Heraldry used by the Nobility and Imperial agencies.|
|Erephisia||The national coat of arm's of The Technological Federation of Erephisia simplistic nature and iconography symbolizes Erephisia's minimalistic science based nature. The coat of arms was designed, as with all Erephisian symbols and flags, by Erephisian President Billy Neil. The motto, PCB (Printed Circuitry Board) and Gear Train symbolize Erephisia's scientific nature. The colours in the shield are that of the national flag and President Neils favourite colours. The book is a national artifact of Erephisia and above it is a cross-section of the theme park ride Villa Volta which is of great importance to the nation.|
|Dadingisila||The green colour and the quares stand symbol for Knight John, a famous knight in the midages. The red colour is personal referal to the curent King John.)|
|Dalton||Features a Double Headed eagle with the Colours of Dalton as well as a Rooster in the centre. Both the Rooster and Eagle are both national animals of Dalton.|
|Flandrensis||The coat of arms of Flandrensis are inspired on that of the counts of Flanders (at present day this lion is the symbol for the Flemish community).|
|United Federation of Fornelos||The coat of arms of the United Federation of Fornelos is formed by a shield divided into five sections, where behind this you can see a sword (representing the soldiers) and a fountain pen (representing the intellectuals).
The four main sections of the shield represent the community or country of origin of the founders or key figures, where we can find (in traditional reading order) Basque Country, France (in honor of the unincorporated territory of the French faction), Catalonia and Community of Madrid. In the central section the saltire unites all previous flags as a symbol of brotherhood.
|The Royal Kingdom of Galacia||The coat of arms for Galacia is a shield with the colours of Galacia-Purple, Green, and Red. Topped is a Royal Crown, and a flourishing mane is surronding it. The crown represents the Royalty in Galacia, the gold on the mane means prosperity, and the silver of the mane is peace. The scroll at the bottom is turned up positively, and in the corners it binds evil away.|
|Gemnoviag||The official adopted coat of arms for the Republic of Gemnoviag. It is a revised and modified version of the Coat of Arms for the Republic of Bulgaria used until 1927.|
|Gishabrun|| The official coat of arms of the Tsarist Empire of Gishabrun.
The national flag of The Tsarist Empire of Gishabrun consists of 3 diagonal stripes, each symbolising one of the three official principles of Gishabrun:
|The Impearial Kingdom of Kukgar||
The Lions, Unicorn, Crown And Gold Represent The King.
|United Realm of Johntania||The Coat of Arms of Johntania features the two main colors of the flag in a vertical pattern of yellow and blue. On top of the coat of arms is a lion and crown, representing the power of the monarchy and symbolizing the strong nation of Johntania. The purple stars represent royalty. On each side of the coat of arms is a lion (left) and a unicorn (right).|
|The Kingdom of Japoninca|
|Republic of Keltsvia||The shield with the national flag colours carries a white eagle with two crossed swords, the symbol of the ancient Keltsvian Kingdom. The colour of the eagle white means purity, the eagle means protection and the two crossed swords upwards means that the nation is ready to fight if it is necessary.|
|Autocracy of the Slaviac Union||Designed by Commissioner of Imagery for the ASU Propaganda Administation|
|Principality of Lyonesse||Gules, a lion passant guardant or, the coat of arms for the Royal Tribe of Lyonesse and HRH Lothian I, Prince, supporters two lions gules, Crown of Lyonesse atop, chinquapin Oak in the background all upon a mount vert displaying the three Orders, Gules Lyon, Lyonesse, and The Rose|
|Peoples Republic of Mandania||
The red star symbolizes socialism.
|Melbournia||A shield with the national symbol (yellow circle with a red star), surrounded by four tricolour flags.|
|Mount Henadas||A Shield embroidered with the triforce surrounded by an interpretation of the red hawk.|
|NobleLand||The NobleLand Griffin is on the great flag. the griffin is a symbol of NobleLand because the griffin takes care of others no matter what. the circle represents eternity. Symbolizing that NobleLand will last forever. The four ovals and diamonds represent the founders of NobleLand, King Evan The First, Sir Ronnie Mills of the North, Prime Minister Zach, and Sir Daniel L. Jensen.|
|The Kingdom of Nathan||Rough drawing by Duchess Natalia.|
|New Scireland||The Crest of New Scireland is made up the green and blue belt, representing togetherness, which bears the New Scirish motto: "Aonaibh Ri Cheile", meaning unite in Gaelic. This belt encircles a torch which represents equality, the founding principle of New Scirish Government.|
|New York||This Arms is a symbol of the New Yorkan basic beliefs. The crown represents the Monarch. The Knight helmet under it means Knighthood, which is very respected in the Kingdom. The 5 stars represent the 5 boroughs of New York. The Lion symbolises braveness. The cross on the shield represents God. The motto is Deus, Libertas, Rex which means God, Freedom, King. The order of the motto is important.|
|New Wales||The coat of arms of the royal family of New Wales was adopted as the national coat of arms on 22 June 2010. The shield is blue with three red lions that signify the family's English heritage. The golden lion also symbolises the English heritage of Leam I of New Wales, current King of the Commonwealth. The unicorn symbolizes the women in the family as well as to symbolize the Duchess of Campbelltown. The crown above the shield indicates the sovereign as well as the King's time in the Air Force Cadets when he was younger. The motto at the bottom is latin and translates to "Peace and Abundance"|
|NottaLotta Acres||The supporters, the Lion and Unicorn, represent might and strength, respectively. The crowned helmet represents defense of government. The Belt of Excellence surrounding the shield represents the augustness of the nation. The clover and blue thistle represent the flora of NottaLotta Acres.|
|Union of Oceania||This simple shield represents our place in the world in colours of ocean blue and cloud white, bearing a simple stylized wave and southern cross.|
|Republic of the Old Trinity||The coat of arms of the Republic of the Old Trinity has a mural crown as a symbol of rejection to royal crown, and was also used in the Second Spanish Republic's coat of arms. As in the flag, the coat of arms is also divided in quarters, from the top left clockwise direction: the flag of Barcelona, Saint Andrew's Cross, the Shield of the Trinity and the flag of the Spanish Second Republic. The motto of the Republic is visible on the base of the escutcheon: República, Libertad, Justicia (Spanish for Republic, Freedom, Justice).|
|Principality of Sabina||The coat of arms of the Sabinan Principality is made up of the arms of the Princes of Sabina and the arms of the island of Ibiza featuring the Senyera, defaced by a castle on the sea. The royal arms feature the St. Alban's Cross as well as the banner of the House of Sabina. The fact the sheild features both the royal arms and the island arms signifies the link between Sabina and the rest of the island.|
|Duchy of Orenburg||The State Coat of Arms of Duchy of Orenburg is a green shield with a snowy owl in the middle, keeping a red-coloured lighting in its paw. Above and below the owl there are words of country's national motto: FREEDOM, SERENITY, SOVEREIGNTY (only the last word below). In the bottom of the shield there's golden and black ornament. Above the shield there is the golden crown, in its lower part there's the same ornament as in the shield bottom. The crown is covered with round-shaped emeralds. There's a small sphere and a drop-shaped emerald at the crown top.|
|Republic of Petorio|
|Kingdom of Praugsia|
|Empire of Qootärlænt|
|Republic of Resoria|
|Reylan Imperium||The Personal Crest of the Emperor makes use of the colours of the Imperial flag as well as the gold of the Office of the Emperor. The Motto is the personal motto of the Emperor. This is used as the state seal on official documents. The phoenix represents the protean nature of the Empire, whatever happens, the Imperium shall still rise.|
|Independant State of Ritzakstan|
|Rukora||The National and Presidential Coat of Arms for Rukora.|
|Republic of Scotannaea||100px||The state coat of arms for the Republic of Scotannaea.|
|The Great Kingdom Of Domus||||
The Tower represents the Home, Domus, the centre of the Great Kingdom. The Wolf represents how the Great King fought tirelessly for independence.The Stag symbolises the institution where the Great King recieved his education. The Eagle is a symbol of Imperial power, and is thus suited to the Supreme Imperator's colonial Empire. The Crown is a reminder that a Great King will always represent the will of the people.
|The Union of Asermia||
The Seal of the union of Asermia features a wave in the centre plus the Name of the nation in Asermian and the Year of founding.
|The united nations of Mahuset||The coat of arms features the ktten of the king which is called kitty|
|<a data-rte-meta=|||The Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Varnland|
|Prussia||The Imperial Coat of Arms for Prussia|
|Sangheili Union||100px||Coat of Arms of the Greater Sangheili Communist People's Union. The Shield with the crown on top represents the Republic the Sangheili SFSR that created the Sangheili Union and is also the symbol of Sangheili Communism. The colour black represents the freedom in the name of the Dark Banner of the Communist World. The colour brown represents the equal people of the world. Yellow represents the other colour of Communism besides red. The leaves on the side represent the leaves on some country's coat of arms. The red or yellow star represents Communism.|
|Taipanese People's Democratic Republic||National Emblem of the Taipanese People's Democratic Republic|
|Kingdom of Afondale||Black, orange and grey are the national colours, and the Squirrel is the national animal.|
|Unironic Empire||==||1st version adopted unofficialy on June 18, 2014|
Chosen at the end of the Diplomatic Year of 2013 upon the re-election.
|Chen dynasty||Chen dragon surrounded by clouds with a gold background in a patterned sheild|
|Sioux Empire|| The official coat of arms of the Sioux Empire.
The coat of arms symbolises the Assassin Branch of the Siouix military, along with a red star symbolising intimidation.
|Verd'landian Republic of Vladislavia||Emblem of Vladislavia - is a shield with the main Verd'landian National Ornament.|