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Micronationalism in Antarctica

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Antartica in micronations

Lands in Light blue are claimed by richardtopia

Antarctica is the only continent on Earth with no countries or governments. Only territorial claims divide the continent, but these claims are only recognized by their respective countries. Because of this, Antarctica has been a hot spot for micronationalism.

Legitimacy

In 1959, Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States signed the Antarctic Treaty. It was agreed among members of the Antarctic Treaty that no nation shall lay claim to West Antarctica, a region bordered by the Argentine/British claim, New Zealand’s claim and the Ross Ice Shelf. A number of micronations, not being signatory to this treaty, have claimed territory in West Antarctica, often based on an alleged loophole.

The 'loophole' theory is thought to have originated from the establishment of Westarctica in 2001. Its founder, Travis McHenry, stated that the treaty only applied to countries. Hence, he claimed the land as an individual, something copied by most micronations claiming land in Antarctica today.

List of Micronations

Current Micronations

The Federated States of Antarctica, the Air Kingdom and The Empire of Antarctica claim areas that are within the claims made by the seven macronational states that claim territory on the continent, and are currently the only micronations to do so.

Possibly former or current micronations

Micronational claims

Several micronations have made claim to some territory in Antarctica.

Former micronations

Several micronations have existed in Antarctica, but have since been abandoned or reformed.

Antarctic Micronational Union

Main article: AMU
GAMA vlag

Flag of AMU.

The Grand Duchy of Flandrensis, the Kingdom of Finismund and Marie State signed the treaty “The Micronational Agreement Antarctic”. “The Micronational Agreement Antarctic” is written by H.R.H. Petrus Maximus, King of Finismund & Siple, Emperor of Antarctica and Baron of Flandrensis. On March 24, 2009, the Federated States of Antarctica acceded to the treaty.

The GAMA was founded so as to prevent illegal claims of other micronations. The former Grand Duchy of Westarctica that disappeared at the beginning of 2008, for instance, returned on 31 December 2008 and demanded that Finismund, Flandrensis and Marie State return their territories.

The administration of the GAMA was a mess so the organization needed changes. On 15th January 2010 Grand Duke Niels I of Flandrensis was elected as its first Secretary-General. The same day GAMA was renamed into the Antarctic Micronational Union (a name that has more clarity). The main goal of the AMU is to organize all Antarctic micronations and protect each other's territory and claims. The AMU also keeps records about all current claims in Antarctica to avoid misunderstandings and conflicts.

See also

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