New Saxon

Saxonflag Saxon Empire
Total speakers 1 (up to 15 with limited knowledge)
Language family Indo-European

  West Germanic
    Old English

     New Saxon
Writing system Latin (New Saxon alphabet)
Regulated by Republic of Saxmark

New Saxon (Niuwsaxisch) is the national language of Saxmark and the greater Saxon Empire, and one of two administrative languages (the other being English). It was derived from the Late West Saxon standard of Old English and significantly influenced by the development  of High German and Dutch. As such, it is a much purer sister to the modern English language.<


From the beginning of the project, Penda II, a student and admirer of German, intended New Saxon to be a modern West Germanic language. He looked to the development High German and Dutch in order to 'artificially evolve' the Old English language in such a way that the product would be naturalistic while also readily identifiable with its modern relatives.

The grammar of New Saxon is largely identical to that of standard German, following a stricter V2 (verb-second) word order when compared to Old English. However, New Saxon preserves a richer noun declension now considered archaic in German.

Lexically, the majority of New Saxon words come directly from Old English. In some cases, the predominant meaning of words has been changed slightly, or a transitive usage has been introduced for an intransitive verb, for example, based on the usage of their cognates in other Germanic languages. Where there is no suitable Old English word, German and Dutch are the main sources of vocabulary. This is more often through loan translations than through direct borrowing; for example,. ('independent') is a compound of Old English un+of+hang+ig, based on German. Additionally, a number of Graeco-Latin and French words have been borrowed into New Saxon via German and Dutch, mainly technical vocabulary.

honologically, the vowels of New Saxon have been weakened to schwas in unstressed positions and most schwas in syllable codas have been dropped except where they have a grammatical function. Initial fricatives are voiced (cf. Dutch, medieval German and historical southern English dialects) and final obstruents devoiced (cf. German and Dutch). The long front and back vowels have become diphthongs and mid-vowels raised, exactly as in German and English. The [æa] [æ:a] [ɛɔ] [e:ɔ] diphthongs have become monophthongal [a:] [ɔ:] [e:] [i:] respectively. Open syllables are also lengthened, as in other West Germanic languages, with short æ and a merged to [a:]. 

The New Saxon orthography has borrowed certain conventions from the German and Dutch orthographies, such as <k> for the velar plosive (while retaining <c> for the affricate), <sch> for /ʃ/, <ie> for the long vowel /i:/, <ch> for the palatal and velar fricative and <j> for the palatal consonant when preceding a back vowel.

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