This article is about the current nation called Orly, see here for articles on subjects with similar names.
Copan in red, the Grove in blue
|Official religion(s)||None official|
|Government||Absolute monarchy (de jure)|
Commune (de facto)
|- King||HM King Declan I|
|- Viceroy||HIH Crown Prince Jonathan|
|Established||8 December 2010|
|Area claimed||776,077.94 sq ft|
|Currency||Pound sterling (£)|
Orly (formerly known as the Tsardom of Orly and sometimes known as the Kingdom of Orly to differentiate it from said former name) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom of New Wessex and a successor state of the Caesarship of Orly, formed on 8 December 2010 when King Declan I of Copan assumed the throne of the Kingdom of the Grove and re-unified the two nations. Despite being in political union with the Kingdom of Wilcsland, it could be argued that more political influence is wielded over it by the nearby Empire of Austenasia, with which it is currently in personal union.
The territory held by Orly is also known as the Grove Park. The park land was in medieval times part of the manor of Stone Court, and consisted mainly of meadows. The park was bought by Carshalton Urban District Council in 1924, and the park was opened to the public several years later. On 15 March 2004 it was the site of the First Battle of the Grove, in which the Midget Army won a victory over the Girly Gang, and on 2 May 2010 was the site of the Second Battle of the Grove, in which foreign supporters of Emperor Esmond III were victorious over foreign Carolinians in the Austenasian Civil War.
On 4 July 2010, a large group of regular visitors to the park - many of them having been supporters of the Emperor during the Civil War - declared independence under Caesar Calum, founding the Caesarship of Orly. A few weeks later on 19 July, Calum I split the Caesarship into the Kingdom of the Grove, over which he retained control, and the Kingdom of Copan, the throne of which he gave to King Declan I (Crown Prince Jonathan of Austenasia ruled as Viceroy).
The Grove quickly became a vassal state of Esmond III, the Western Emperor, whereas Copan under Declan I rejected his claim to suzerainty in September 2010. Esmond III removed Calum I from power over the Grove in November 2010 and replaced him with Lord Regent Jonathan, who abdicated the following month.
With the Grove without a leader, Declan I took the throne as Regent under the terms of the treaty which had split the Caesarship in two. Orly was then re-united by Declan I (who declared himself Tsar) without the consent of Esmond III, who had the right to choose a new leader of the Grove. When, a day after the reunification, he insisted to be permitted to excercise this prerogative, the Tsar rejected all claims of Imperial suzerainty over Orly, leading to the War of the Orlian Reunification. The Tsar won the war, gaining the Throne of Austenasia in the process and making Orly a vassal state of Wilcsland.
To govern the Tsardom from over seventy miles away, the Tsar established a Viceroy to represent him in Orly, with a vassal monarch for the Grove and for Copan to help govern Orly as local deputies of the Viceroy. Efforts were made under the Tsardom to develop the culture of the nation, such as the foundation of the Orlian College of Cardinals.
On 14 January 2011, the local vassal monarchies were abolished (except the Prince of Copan, which is kept as a ceremonial title) and Orly was entered into political union with Wilcsland, as part of the new United Kingdom of New Wessex. The Viceroy, Crown Prince Jonathan, was kept in his position as such.
Government and politics
Orly is an absolute monarchy in its own right, currently ruled by King Declan I, also absolute monarch of New Wessex, of which Orly is a part. Due to his distance from Orly, he is represented by a Viceroy (currently Crown Prince Jonathan of Austenasia), who is appointed by the King and holds the full powers of the throne in his absence - this system was first established when Declan I became King of Copan, and continued through the Tsardom to present-day Orly.
Orly has, several times during its history as a Tsardom, had two equal monarchs: Declan I and another Tsar or Tsarina, the co-ruler of Wilcsland. Similar to how Esmond III was suzerain over the Caesarship of Orly and Kingdom of the Grove, as the Tsardom of Orly was a vassal state of the Kingdom of Wilcsland, the King of Wilcsland chose who ruled Orly. Although the monarchs of Orly were all equal, the King and co-ruler of Wilcsland were not, and so Declan I was able to depose his co-ruler through his position as King of Wilcsland. As every co-ruler of Wilcsland during the Tsardom's existence was also made a co-monarch of Orly in this way, Orly and Wilcsland were by convention therefore in de facto real union even before entering into political union as New Wessex.
The former kingdoms of the Grove and Copan are still used as administrative divisions in present day Orly, which is ruled over by the Viceroy. Although the King and Viceroy have in theory absolute authority over Orly, in practice they have very little power over domestic affairs. The population of Orly is very similar to a commune - however, the leaders of the nation are acknowledged and their titles respected by the Orlians. The main de facto duties of the King and Viceroy are to advance culture and to represent Orly internationally.
List of monarchs
Caesarship of Orly and independent Kingdoms
- HIH Caesar Calum, Caesar of Orly: 4 July 2010 - 19 July 2010
- HI&RM King Calum I, King of the Grove: 19 July 2010 - 12 November 2010
- HM King Declan I, King of Copan: 19 July 2010 - 8 December 2010
- HIH Crown Prince Jonathan, Lord Regent of the Grove: 12 November 2010 - 8 December 2010
- HM King Declan I, Regent of the Grove: 8 December 2010
Tsardom of Orly
Tsars and Tsarinas:
- HIM Tsar Declan I, Tsar of Orly: 8 December 2010 - 14 January 2012
- HIM Tsarina Frances I, Tsarina of Orly: 8 December 2010 - 15 February 2011
- HIM Tsar Ptolemy I Alexander, Tsar of Orly: 15 February 2011 - 16 February 2011
- HIM Tsarina Berenice I, Tsarina of Orly: 16 February 2011
- HIM Tsarina Arsinoe I Cleopatra, Tsarina of Orly: 16 February 2011 - 21 February 2011
- HIM Tsar Ptolemy II Helios, Tsar of Orly: 21 February 2011 - 12 March 2011
- HIM Tsarina Arsinoe II, Tsarina of Orly: 27 August 2011 - 31 August 2011
- HM King Calum I, King of the Grove: 13 January 2011 - 14 January 2012
- HSH Prince Miles, Prince of Copan: 8 March 2011 - 24 April 2011
- HSH Prince Joseph, Prince of Copan: 24 April 2011 - 2 August 2011
- HIM Emperor Esmond III/HM King Ptolemy IV, Prince of Copan: 2 August 2011 - 14 January 2012
Orly under New Wessex
- HM King Declan I, King of Orly: 14 January 2012 - present
Kingdom of the Grove
The Grove comprises just under half of Orly. The first stage of the River Wandle passes through it, its main source being Carshalton Ponds, which border the Grove. To the west of the Wandle is an area known as West Bank, containing a relatively large amount of biodiversity due to the large amount of different flowers and insects in the area. The Wandle is bordered on the east by the capital of Memphis and a small unnamed wooded area, both of which are bordered by Copan or by the Play Area. Major geographical features include:
- Grove House, a large building constructed some time in the first half of the nineteenth century, is situated in the south of the Grove, to the south-west of the Play Area. It is used as offices by Sutton Council, who have so far issued no challenge to the King's sovereignty over the park. Orly has so far not attempted to exercise authority over Grove House, in an effort to refrain from provoking a hostile backlash from the United Kingdom.
- Leoni Bridge is a white Portland stone bridge spanning the River Wandle at the extreme south of the Grove. It derives its name from the theory that it was designed by the Venetian architect Giacomo Leoni in the early 1700s, as it is known that he had been commissioned to design a new mansion nearby around that time, but there is no direct proof for this hypothesis.
- The Upper Mill is a disused watermill in the north of the Grove, alongside the River Wandle. It is likely that a watermill existed there since Anglo-Saxon times, but much of the recent structure is a recent restoration carried out after a fire in 2004.
- The Cascade (commonly known as the Waterfall) is a 1.5m high waterfall in the River Wandle in the north of the Grove, spanned by a nearby bridge. It has been ornamental in design since a reconstruction in the 1960s, its original purpose being to create a head of water to power the nearby Upper Mill.
- Esmond's Tree is a tree in Memphis which is near the Cascade. It is named after the former Emperor Esmond III of Austenasia, and is known for being sucessfully climbed by him numerous times.
- The Wisdom Tree was a tree which stood to the north-west of Grove House and was used as a frequent meeting place for people before it was uprooted sometime between 4 June and 2 August 2010. The surrounding area is still often referred to as Wisdom in reference to the now removed tree.
- The Play Area is a children's play area which borders Copan, situated to the east of Wisdom and the north-east of Grove House.
- Memphis is the capital of Orly and of the Grove, to the north of Wisdom and to the south of the Cascade. It is the main meeting place of Orlians.
Kingdom of Copan
Copan comprises just over half of Orly. It is mainly comprised of open areas of grass, such as the Plain of Copan and the Football Pitch. Major geographical features include:
- East Bank is the name given to an area to the extreme east of Copan (and Orly). It was formerly the site of an artificial tributary of the River Wandle constructed in the 1700s which would have started at the Grotto in Carshalton Park before joining the Wandle just to the north of Orly, but due to a falling of the water table the tributary has been completely dry for some years now (despite pipes under Carshalton High Street and Ruskin Road keeping its course intact) and only a dry river bed remains, although puddles do form during wet winters. It was made a Barony by the Viceroy on 21 August 2011, the title of which was awarded to the then Prince Companion Shane.
- The Secluded Place is the capital of Copan. Situated directly to the west of the northern-most area of East Bank, it comprises of a large deep dip in the ground surrounded by trees, almost completely secluding it from the rest of the park (hence its name). Stone steps lead down from East Bank to the Secluded Place, the bottom of which is littered with large pieces of broken masonry, the origins of which are unknown. A large pipe covered by grating to the north of the Secluded Place, as well as its proximity to East Bank, strongly suggest that its origins lie with those of the former artificial tributary of the Wandle, meaning that at some point it may have been submerged in water. Due to its extremely secluded nature, it is allegedly sometimes used by users of cannabis, earning it the pejorative nickname of Stoner's/Smoker's Wall. One tree has the Latin ciphers of Copanese monarchs from Caesar Calum to Prince Miles carved into it, and is known as the Copanese Regnal List.
- The Midgets' Base (not to be confused with the Midget Base, capital of the Midget Empire) is the site of a former military base built by the Midget Army and Word Life Gang in March 2004 during the First Battle of the Grove. It is located at the fenced border between the Plain of Copan and the Football Pitch, and due to a slight retreat of the bushes and shrubs which comprised the main fortifications of the base there are few physical remains - the last major remnant, a large wooden board, remained on the ground in the area for some time but disappeared at some point between October 2011 and July 2012.
- The Plain of Copan is the large field in the centre of Copan which makes up roughly half of the Kingdom.
- The Football Pitch is an enclosed area to the north of Copan, used as a football pitch due to the goalposts and markings on the grass.
|United Kingdom of New Wessex|