The Pamaradiz Islands, officially the Pamaradiz Islands people’s Republic, former Danish West Indies, is a nation located in the Caribbean. The islands are geographically part of the Virgin Islands archipelago and are located in the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles. The Pamaradizian claims the right of being a nation on the territory of St John island and its islets, internationally recognised as part of the US Virgin Islands following the controversial purchase of the islands from the Royal Danish Family.
Discovery and colonization eraSaint John was first settled by the Taíno Indians who migrated north from coastal areas of present-day Colombia and Venezuela around AD 300. The Arawak inhabited the island until around the year AD 1300, when they were driven off by the more aggressive and warlike Pamaradi. The islands were named Virgin islands by Christopher Columbus on his second voyage in 1493 for Saint Ursula and her virgin followers. Over the next two hundred years, the islands were held by many European powers, including Spain, Great Britain, the Netherlands, France, and Denmark-Norway. Sugarcane plantations were established in great numbers on the Virgin Islands because of the intense heat and fertile terrain that provided ideal growing conditions. Among all planters families, The Alcazar y Pampeluna Family was at this time the wealthiest plantation owner, and numerous members were appointed administrative positions.
Decline of the Danish West Indies
The planters imported many slaves from Africa in an established slave trade. In 1733 the Danish West Indies was one of the first significant slave rebellions in the New World. The Danish were able to defeat the enslaved Africans with help from the French in Martinique. Constant rebellions caused a significant drop in the overall economy, and the rise of independent nations in the Caribbean through the 1800s began to weight heavily on the minds of Danish decision makers. In the late years of the century, the consensus was to grant the independence to the colony to appease the threat of slave rebellions, while still being in control of the puppet state. The Danish crown had in mind the exemple of Cuba, who had a nominal independence since 1898 though being a de facto United States protectorate.
The Free State of St John, and the Alcazar y Pampeluna family
Plans were to give an illusive independance to one of the island of the Danish West Indies archipelago, the island of St John and its surrounding islets. The popularity in the colony of the Alcazar y Pampeluna planter family, added to a close relationship with high rank representatives of the danish crown, made Hypolitolito Alcazar y Pampeluna in favor among the parliament to be chosen as head of the future puppet country. He and received marks and assurance of the tacite agreement (claims denied by the Kingdom of Denmark, see “1912 Copenhagen meeting” for further details). Alcazar y Pampeluna was introduced to the parliament and some members of the government upon his visit to Danemark during the summer of 1912. The island of St John would be granted the independence from the crown on the following year, Alcazar y Pampeluna serving as president of a young nation called the Free State of St John.
WW1 and US purchase of the islands
The onset of World War I changed all plans, and left the islands isolated and exposed. During the submarine warfare phases of the First World War, the United States, fearing that the islands might be seized by Germany as a submarine base, approached Denmark about buying them. After a few months of negotiations, a selling price of $25 million in gold coin was agreed, and the United States took possession of the islands, renamed the Virgin Islands of the United States, on March 31, 1917. Claims over the small island of St Thomas made by Pampeluna were largely ignored as Danemark, United States and most of the European countries were involved in the war.
Deny of Alcazar y Pampeluna rights on the islands
By the end of WWI, most of the prominent islanders who had migrated to Danemark in fear of a german invasion, returned to the new established US Virgin Islands. Because of the revendications made by Hypolitolito Pampeluna, him and his relatives were declared persona non grata by the US federal government, briefly prisoned and reconducted to Europe. Tentatives made in 1919, 1920 and 1923 to bring the case to the International Court of Justice all failed, due to lack of evidences of legal rights on the islands by the Pampelunas. More allegedly, the pressure of danish officials, who denied any kind agreement made with a third party about the sovereignty of the islands prior the US purchase in 1917, contributed to dismiss the case. Hypolitolito Pampeluna, regarded as a fabulist by many, lived in exile in a hotel on the French Riviera until the mid 1920s.
Birth of the "Pamaradiz Libre" front, declaration of Independance
Pampeluna y Alcazar and his son Léon (born 1890) founded the "St John Free State Party" in Paris in 1922, which aim was to achieve the independence of the islands of St John from the USA. Decided to not live as exiled dissidents, the Pampeluna clan traveled in January 1925 to Port-Louis in Guadeloupe to join the efforts of the partizans of the free nation who found refuge in the neighbour french colony. They decided to rename the territory of St John "Free State of Pamaradiz", named after the Pamaradi tribe who inhabited the island before the european colonization. The declaration of the right of Pamaradiz to be a nation was issued in a self published newspaper on May the 24th, 1925. The constitution of the "Pamaradiz Libre" front, and the issues of pamphlets and newspapers contributed to keep alive the claim of the free nation through the 1920s and 1930s.
Alcazar y Pampeluna return on the islands and Pamaradiz 1st Republic (1931-1953)
Cuba's influence and Pamaradiz People's Republic (1952-1977)
Second Republic and modernisation of the economy (1977-2008)
Third Republic, micronation declaration (since 2008)
The Pamaradizian wrestling (Pamaradiziana lucha)
The art of wrestling is an important element of identity of the pamaradizian culture, historians believe it was introduced on the islands by the Taíno Indians from present-day Colombia around 300 AD. Originally, wresting was practiced as ritual every spring to celebrate the forces of Nature and please the gods. Tribes believed those rituals will bring favorable weather and protect the crops for the harvest season.