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Protectorate Kingdom of Redonda (Protectorate of Bethania)
All Men and Women Are Equal
Union (anthem of Bethania)
|North of Montserrat, Caribbean Sea |
|Capital city||Matthew Town|
|Official language(s)||English, Antiguan Creole|
|Government||Absolute Monarchy with Protectorate status within the Republic of Bethania|
|- King of Redonda||Emilio I|
Christopher Columbus sighted Redonda from his ship in 1493 but did not land there because of the very high cliffs that make up the island's coastline. He named the island Santa María la Redonda, meaning Saint Mary the Round in Spanish. In the 1860s, the island became a British possession, part of Antigua and Barbuda. Phosphate deposits were discovered on the island in the 1870s and the island was inhabited by workers until World War II, when mining operations were canceled for safety reasons. Two stone cottages still stand from the time when the island was inhabited. Today the population is made up of feral goats and seabirds.
Today, the island is claimed by Antigua and Barbuda but used by the United Kingdom to monitor the Soufriére Hills, a volcano on Montserrat for activity.