Protectorate of Redonda

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Protectorate Kingdom of Redonda (Protectorate of Bethania)
Flag of RedondaCoat of Arms of Redonda

All Men and Women Are Equal
Union (anthem of Bethania)
North of Montserrat, Caribbean Sea
Capital city Matthew Town
Official language(s) English, Antiguan Creole
Demonym Redondan
Government Absolute Monarchy with Protectorate status within the Republic of Bethania
- King of Redonda Emilio I
National animal Deer

The Protectorate Kingdom of Redonda, the Kingdom of Redonda, Protectorate of Redonda, or just Redonda is a protectorate of the Republic of Bethania and an island in the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. It was the sight of much micronational activity being one of the first micronations, starting with Matthew Dowdy Shiell from the island of Montserrat, which is South of Redonda. There is a Spanish micronation claiming the island also, but the claims have been ignored by the Bethanian government under the guise that since the island is uninhabited, it is "up for grabs". The settlement on the island would be called Matthew Town, after the first king of the island. The protectorate has the right to secede from the country at any time but will lose all benefits of being a protectorate of Bethania.



The view of Redonda from Nevis with Montserrat behind the island.

Christopher Columbus sighted Redonda from his ship in 1493 but did not land there because of the very high cliffs that make up the island's coastline. He named the island Santa María la Redonda, meaning Saint Mary the Round in Spanish. In the 1860s, the island became a British possession, part of Antigua and Barbuda. Phosphate deposits were discovered on the island in the 1870s and the island was inhabited by workers until World War II, when mining operations were canceled for safety reasons. Two stone cottages still stand from the time when the island was inhabited. Today the population is made up of feral goats and seabirds.

Today, the island is claimed by Antigua and Barbuda but used by the United Kingdom to monitor the Soufriére Hills, a volcano on Montserrat for activity.

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