Republic Of Sorbo
The Republic Of Sorbo is a micronation situated in the centre of Italy. Its capital city is Sorbo and it has a population of about 40 people. The Republic declared his independence from Italy in the 1980's when Sorbo people claimed the possession of the 'Cenotafio', an ancient Roman stone found in Sorbo many years before but kept in the near town of Tagliacozzo. In fact, the Cenotafio was very important to Sorbo people because it was the tombstone of Titus Tituleius Successus who founded the little town in the 1st century A.D. The confirmation of the independence of Sorbo happened some years later when people added the words 'Repubblica di' ('Republic Of', in English) on the written sign 'Sorbo' at the entrace of the village.
History of the Republic Of Sorbo
The area where Sorbo is located has been inhabited since Prehistory; near Sorbo, on Mount San Nicola's top, some funerary prehistoric stones were found. Nevertheless, Sorbo was officially founded only in the 1st century A.D. by Titus Tituleius Successus and his wife Sestunia who settled their inn on the ancient Valeria way (which is still in Sorbo). So, the precence of Romans in Sorbo is proved by the 'Colonna Miliaria' which is now in Sorbo in Miliaria Square and by the 'Cenotafio' a copy of which is in Sorbo while the original one is still in Tagliacozzo even if Sorbo people would like to have it in their village. During the Middle Ages a lot of religious buildings were built up in Sorbo. The main one is the church of Santa Maria Delle Grazie (the most important church in Sorbo) which is named in a pope document of the 11th century. But it wasn't the only religious institution of that time: most of Sorbo's area was occupied by a convent. In fact, many houses in Sorbo have religious symbols on their doors still nowadays. During the Medieval period Sorbo was under Benevento's Duke powership, then it became part of the Kingdom Of Naples and eventually, in 1861, Vittorio Emanuele II got it under his control and Sorbo with all the Neapolitan Kingdom became part of the Kingdom Of Italy. World War I and II were very hard times for Sorbo: many people died in the village and from 1942 to 1945 Sorbo was occupied by the Nazis. After this conflict many people moved from Sorbo to bigger towns such as Rome but also to the USA and to Australia. Nowadays only 40 people live in Sorbo all the year long.
Culture, Traditions and Religion
Sorbo's culture is closely linked to the rural life; the majority of the population works on fields and spends very much time in agriculture. The language used in Sorbo is Italian but the local dialect is spoken by almost all the inhabitans. The whole population is Catholic and also the traditional festivities are linked to religion: Sorbo people are used to celebrate St Elizabeth, the Virgin Mary and St Anthony on July and August. Another traditional festivity is the 'Sagra della Nivola', a day dedicated to a traditional dessert.