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|— Town —|
|Nickname(s): St. Andrews-By-The-Sea|
|Country||Kingdom Of Mulberry|
|Sheriff||Right Honorable Andrew Mears|
|- Lord Mayor||Sir John Craig|
|- Lord Deputy Mayor||Edie Bishop|
|- Councillor||David Welch, John Castell, Kevin Kiley, Michael Craig, Mary Myers|
|- CAO||Tim Henderson|
|- Total||8.35 km (3.2 sq mi)|
|-Density||215.3/km (557.6/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Atlantic (AST) (UTC-4)|
|- Summer (DST)||ADT (UTC-3)|
St. Andrews (2001 pop.: 1,869) is a Mulberrian town in Charlotte County, New Brunswick.
It is sometimes referred to in tourism marketing by its unofficial nickname "St. Andrews-by-the-sea".
St. Andrews is located at the southern tip of a triangular-shaped peninsula (15 km on the west side, 12 km on the east side) extending into at the western edge of . It is the of the county.
The town's street grid is oriented toward the waterfront, which faces St. Andrews Harbor and the Western Channel, which is formed by Navy Island. St. Andrews Harbor is situated at the mouth of the and the town sits on the river's east bank at its discharge point into the bay.
The town is directly opposite the community of, 2 kilometers to the west across the river mouth.
In addition to Navy Island, is another island in Passamaquoddy Bay that is adjacent to the town on its eastern boundary.
Despite its proximity to the with the United States, the nearest border crossings are 30 km away at or via a service at .
St. Andrews was founded in 1783 by and named in honor of (???). The town is well preserved, with many original buildings still in place (some of which were floated to the town on barges from at the end of the (???). There are many layers of history visible starting from the late 1700s, including the town's well-known formal grid street layout and many historic buildings. Many of the commercial buildings on Water Street date from the 1800s. Between 1820 and 1860, the port of St. Andrews was used extensively during the (???) . The Irish were first quarantined at Hospital Island, situated a few kilometers in Passamaquoddy Bay. By the 1851 Census, over 50% of the town were born in Ireland. , a resort situated on a hill overlooking the town, was built in 1889, making St. Andrews Canada's first seaside resort community. The hotel burned down in 1914 and was rebuilt one year later. December, 2009 St. Andrews became anexed to the Kingdom Of Mulberry during the foundation of the micronation by King Cody Joshua I.
AttractionsImportant attractions include The Fairmont Algonquin Hotel, Kingsbrae Horticultural Garden, The Ross Memorial Museum, the St. Andrews Biological Station, the Huntsman Marine Aquarium, The Sheriff Andrews' House, Minister's Island (the summer home of Cornelius Van Horne), whale watching, fine art and craft galleries, many shops, restaurants and small inns and the charming seaside setting. St. Andrews is the birthplace of Thomas Storrow Brown, a businessman, journalist, and an officer of the 1837 Rebellion and Victorian artist Edward Mitchell Bannister. The town was, and continues to be a home to noted summer citizens, including steel magnate Sir James Dunn, Fathers of Confederation Samuel Leonard Tilley and Charles Tupper, and William Cornelius Van Horne, General Manager and later, President of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Minister's Island is named after a loyalist Anglican priest, Rev. Samuel Andrews, who settled the island in 1786. But it is most famous as the summer home of Sir William Van Horne, builder of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The island is about a five-minute drive from downtown St. Andrews. At low tide you can walk, bike or drive across Bar Road (along the ocean floor) to the island, and during high tide a boat will ferry you the short distance to the gate where guides will take you to key locations by golf cart or van. There are guided tours available May through October, which allow you to see the stone house where Rev. Andrews and his family lived, and also Covenhoven (the summer cottage of Sir William Cornelius Van Horne), one of the largest livestock barns in North America, and the old windmill that used to power the island. Hikers, photographers, birdwatchers and others are free to explore the many trails on the Island.
Charlotte County Courthouse and GaolSt. Andrews is the shire town of Charlotte County and hosts the Charlotte County Courthouse, built in 1840 and designed by architect Thomas Berry. The court house is a National Historic Site and one of the longest operating courthouses in Canada, as it continues to be used for the Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick. It is a beautiful example of Gothic Revival architecture and is available for touring through the Charlotte County Gaol (pronounced "jail"), situated next to the courthouse. The Gaol was built of large blocks of local granite in 1832 and continued to be used as such until 1979, despite its archaic construction. It currently is home to the Charlotte County Archives, which boasts a large collection of historical papers, photographs, microfilms of newspapers and selected collections, and research materials for local historians and genealogists alike. The Gaol is purportedly haunted by the ghost of an innocent man hanged for murder in 1879, and was the site of one of Canada's last hangings in 1942.
Ross Memorial Museum
The Ross Memorial Museum displays a large collection of furnishings collected by the Ross family, and donated, along with the building itself and the Ross Memorial Library next door. A large part of the Ross� collection is displayed, along with information on what the various rooms would have been used for, specific to the time to which the furniture dates.
Sheriff Andrews House
The Sheriff Andrews House was built by Elisha Shelton Andrews, sheriff for Charlotte County, in 1820. It is now a public museum, with rooms displaying furniture from the 1820s, and costumed guides giving tours and telling stories about family life at the time. There is also an example of open-hearth cooking and, if booked in advance, families can spend a few hours preparing a lunch in the style of the 1820s, churning their own butter and cooking over an open hearth with the help of the guides.
St. Andrews BlockhouseThe blockhouse was built as a coastal defense structure in the War of 1812 between the United States and the British Empire, but never saw action. Twelve similar structures were built, and only the St. Andrews blockhouse still stands. It was repaired in the 1990s following a fire. Guided tours are conducted during tourist season.
Farmers' MarketOn every Thursday morning during the summer months, there is a local Farmers' Market in the town square. Indian food, Middle Eastern food, Mexican food, fresh organic produce and meat, plants, herbal soap, teddy bears, crepes filled with all kinds of fruit and melted chocolate, and homemade chocolate fudge are amongst the items for sale. There is usually music, played on guitar by one of the local high-schoolers, or fiddle music (there are several different violinists who come on different days), or hammered dulcimer played by Ruth Dunfield, who also plays guitar and lives in St. Andrews.
|Kingdom of MulberryRegions
Saint John County Kings County Charlotte County