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King of New Wessex
Monarchy
WilcslandianArms
Arms of His Majesty The King of New Wessex
REXDECLANUS
Incumbent:
Declan I, II & V

Style: His Majesty
Heir apparent: Prince Ciaran
First monarch: Declan I
Formation: 1 May 2002 (South Bank)
19 July 2010 (Copan)
14 January 2012 (New Wessex)


The monarchy of the United Kingdom of New Wessex (commonly referred to as the Wessaxon monarchy) is the absolute monarchy ruling over the United Kingdom of New Wessex and its constituent countries of Wilcsland and Orly. The present monarch, King Declan I, II & V, has been monarch of the Wessaxon constituent countries and their predecessor states since 1 May 2002 with an interruption of only one week in the summer of 2006.

The official title of the King is King of New Wessex. The ceremonial full title, used only in the full style of the monarch, is King of New Wessex, King of Orly, King of Wilcsland, Taklamacan, the Midway Hills, Frozen Alters and Corran, King of Thebes.

Role

The King undertakes various official, ceremonial and representational duties. As an absolute monarch, the King holds absolute power over all executive, legislative, and judicial matters.

The King is the main representative of New Wessex in foreign affairs, and holds total control over all domestic governance. The King has the power to appoint members of government, and bestow and revoke titles of nobility.

Despite the power that the King has over the nation, it is clear that he only holds it through the will of the people. Declan I has said "my people are my care" and "I work for you, not you for me". Although absolute, the Wessaxon monarchy is also a popular one. A good example of how the Wessaxon population ultimately holds more political power than the monarch is when, in November 2010, Moylurg transitioned into Wilcsland - King Jonathan I, titular joint King of Moylurg, was not deposed by King Declan I as they held nominally equal power; instead, Jonathan I was deposed by an assembly of the people who were displeased at having a foreigner share the rank and title of Declan I.

History

The Wessaxon monarchy rules over Wilcsland and Orly, the two countries entering into political union on 14 January 2012, and so its history can only be understood through tracing the monarchies of those two nations. Although both monarchies still legally exist in their own right, they are subordinate to the Wessaxon monarchy proper, but as all three thrones are held by the same person, they are collectively referred to as the Wessaxon monarchy.

The Wilcslandian monarchy traces its origins from the monarchies of the Kingdom of South Bank, the Kingdom of South Bank, and the Kingdom of Moylurg. South Bank, founded in May 2002, transitioned into the Kingdom of Atlantis in September 2003, and then in October 2005 transitioned into the Kingdom of the Taklamacan. The Kingdom of Corran was created by the King of the Taklamacan in late 2007, and the Kingdom of Moylurg in June 2009. The Taklamacan unified with Moylurg and Corran in March 2010 to create the Empire of Moylurg - for roughly a month, the monarch held the title of Emperor instead of King, but in April 2010 the Empire transitioned back into a Kingdom. This unified Kingdom then transitioned into the present-day Kingdom of Wilcsland in November 2010.

The Orlian monarchy was founded on 4 July 2010 by Caesar Calum with authorisation from the then Western Emperor. It split into two separate monarchies later that month, those of the Grove and Copan, but reunified in December later that year as the Tsardom of Orly when the King of Copan, Declan I, assumed the throne of the Grove as Regent and proclaimed a reunion between the two nations. Due to Declan I living so far away from Orly, he has always ruled it (Copan, the Tsardom, and the present day constituent country of New Wessex) through a Viceroy, Crown Prince Jonathan of Austenasia.

The King of New Wessex has also held the thrones of several other realms and nations, holding these thrones in either political or personal union (often with very little practical difference). The kingdoms of Saqqara and Thebes have been sub-kingdoms of the Wilcslandian monarchy since Saqqara was founded by and Thebes was conquered by the Kingdom of Atlantis in late 2003 - with the founding of New Wessex in January 2012, Thebes was abolished as a sub kingdom and fully merged into Wilcsland. The Saqqaran throne is currently in personal union with the King of Wilcsland.

The whole of the Carshalton Sector has been under the rule of the Wessaxon monarch since December 2010 - Declan I took advantage of an interregnum in the Kingdom of the Grove to unify it with Copan, founding the Tsardom of Orly and provoking the overlord of the Sector, Emperor Esmond III of Austenasia, into starting the War of the Orlian Reunification. A local nation allied with Orly, the Midget Nation-in-Exile, declared Declan I to be the Fifth Midget Master, entering the Midget Nation into personal union with Wilcsland. With the support of the Midgets, the forces of Declan I were able to defeat those of Esmond III, and Declan I was declared joint Emperor of Austenasia and King of Rushymia. Another notable instance of the influence of the Wessaxon monarchy spreading abroad is when the leader of the Kingdom of Etarnia asked for Declan I to become their monarch. Despite a long period of no contact during which he continued to claim the title King of Etarnia, Declan I, II & V became monarch of Etarnia's successor state, Ctoria, in May 2011 until it collapsed later that year.

Current monarch

Declan I marked his Tin Jubilee as Wessaxon monarch, 10 years as King, on 1 May 2012, and became the longest reigning Emperor of Austenasia on 22 July later that year. If he retains all of his current thrones, Declan I shall reach the following milestones on the following dates:

  • 13 December 2012 - Longest reigning male Midget Master (surpassing Midget Master Daniel I. (18 years old)
  • 19 December 2012 - First Emperor of Austenasia to celebrate two years on the Throne. (18 years old)
  • 19 June 2013 - Earliest possible (and very unlikely) date for becoming the longest reigning King of Rushymia. (19 years old)
  • c. 22 July 2013 - Probable date for becoming the longest reigning King of Rushymia (surpassing HM King Alex I). (19 years old)
  • 18 August 2013 - Latest possible (and unlikely) date for becoming the longest reigning King of Rushymia. (19 years old)
  • 18 December 2013 - A longer reign as Emperor of Austenasia than all previous Emperors of Austenasia combined. (19 years old)
  • 19 December 2013 - First King of Rushymia to celebrate three years as such. (19 years old)
  • 24 December 2013 - Longest reigning head of state in the Carshalton Sector (surpassing Midget Master Caroline III) (counting his reigns as King of Copan and as monarch of Orly as continuous). (19 years old)
  • 14 June 2014 - Longest reigning head of state in the Carshalton Sector (counting his reigns as King of Copan and as monarch of Orly as separate). (20 years old)
  • 22 June 2014 - Longest reigning Midget Master (surpassing Midget Master Caroline III). (20 years old)
  • 24 October 2014 - Earliest possible (and very unlikely) date for gaining a longer reign as King of Rushymia than all previous Kings of Rushymia combined. (20 years old)
  • 16 December 2014 - First Midget Master to celebrate four years as such. (20 years old)
  • c. 25 December 2014 - Probable date for gaining a longer reign as King of Rushymia than all previous Kings of Rushymia combined. (20 years old)
  • 20 February 2015 - Latest possible (and unlikely) date for gaining a longer reign as King of Rushymia than all previous Kings of Rushymia combined. (20 years old)
  • 25 May 2016 - Earliest possible (and very unlikely) date for gaining a longer reign as head of state of Rushymia than all previous Rushymian heads of state combined. (22 years old)
  • c. 24 August 2016 - Probable date for gaining a longer reign as head of state of Rushymia than all previous Rushymian heads of state combined. (22 years old)
  • 19 November 2016 - Latest possible (and unlikely) date for gaining a longer reign as head of state of Rushymia than all previous Rushymian heads of state combined. (22 years old)
  • 16 December 2016 - First Theocrat of Atkantia to celebrate six years as such. (22 years old)
  • 24 March 2019 - A longer reign as Midget Master than all previous Midget Masters combined. (24 years old)
  • 3 August 2061 - Longest reigning male monarch in the British Isles. (67 years old)
  • 2 December 2065 - Longest reigning monarch in the British Isles. (71 years old)
  • 2 February 2076 - Longest reigning sovereign European monarch. (81 years old)
  • 7 December 2078 - Longest de facto reigning Emperor. (84 years old)
  • 20 December 2083 - Longest reigning European monarch. (89 years old)
  • 9 January 2085 - Longest precisely dated reign of any ruling monarch. (90 years old)
  • c. 2096 - Longest non-precisely dated reign of any ruling monarch. (91/92 years old)
  • 14 February 2100 - Longest de jure reigning Emperor. (105 years old)

Succession

It has never been entirely clear to whom the numerous thrones of Declan I will pass to, and how, after his death or abdication. The only other two monarchs to have fully held a Wessaxon throne were Joshua I of the Taklamacan for a week in 2006 and Jonathan I of Moylurg in late 2010. The former of these deposed Declan I by force, and was in turn deposed by Declan I by force, and the latter was raised to an equal rank by Declan I and then later deposed by the Wilcslandian people, and so neither of these transfers of the throne can be used as a precedent.

Declan I has often referred to his brother, Prince Ciaran, as heir, even giving him the throne of Thebes for a few months in early 2010 to "practice" being a monarch. It has therefore been assumed that succession is governed by male-preference cognatic primogeniture, as in most European monarchies.

However, after giving Prince Ciaran the throne of Thebes in March 2010, Declan I removed it from him in early May later that year, giving his supposed incompetence at ruling as the reason for doing so. At the time, Declan I himself said that Ciaran "might not become Moylurg's next monarch". Indeed, when Declan I threatened to abdicate the following month, he named Crown Prince Jonathan of Austenasia his heir in his instrument of abdication (which was never signed and evenutally discarded). Ciaran was made King-Regent of Wilcsland in February 2011 - despite this latest short reign only spanning the better part of two days, this may show that Declan I has begun to trust his brother more with the running of the nation. His position as presumed heir apparent was also reinforced by the granting of the title Prince of Copan to him by Declan I in January 2012, after stating that the title would be used to designate his heir.

Despite the doubt over Prince Ciaran's suitability for the throne, and there being no formal succession law, the most likely scenario will be that after the death or abdication of Declan I, the thrones of New Wessex and Wilcsland will pass to Prince Ciaran. However, Orly may choose its own monarch and maybe even break away from New Wessex. The Thrones of Austenasia and Rushymia would pass to Crown Prince Jonathan, but he would probably again refuse it, in which case it would pass to his sister, Princess Caroline.

Co-monarchs, usurpers, and vassal monarchs

There have been several usurpers during the reign of Declan I, and he has also appointed many vassal and co-monarchs. King-Regents and Queen-Regents are co-rulers that, while sharing the royal style and powers of Declan I, are titularly subservient to him and may be deposed by him at any time. The only co-monarch to have had equal power to Declan I was Jonathan I, who was only ever referred to as "King" and not "King-Regent" - although his power was nominal, he was deposed by an assembly of the people rather than Declan I. Co-monarchs are referred to as "King/Queen-Regent" because of a spelling mistake made upon the appointment of Frances I - the title "Queen Regnant" was intended, to specify that she was an actual monarch and not the consort of Declan I.

Co-monarchs

Those who Declan I has raised to the throne alongside him:

Usurpers

Those who have proclaimed themselves monarch and attempted to overthrow Declan I:

  • Barry 1 of South Bank: Took over the northern half of South Bank during June 2002. Defeated in a civil war.
  • Alexander I of the Taklamacan: Seized control over half of the Taklamacan for a short period of time in late 2005. Rebellion crushed.
  • Pope Alexander I: Led a conspiracy to become monarch in late 2005, and attempted to take over the Taklamacan in early 2010. Arrested for treason both times before he could seize power.
  • Joshua I of the Taklamacan: The only monarch to have ever successfully deposed Declan I. Held the throne for a week of chaos before being overthrown.
  • Joshua II of the Taklamacan: Took over half of the Taklamacan for a short period of time in early 2007. Surrendered after a brief civil war.

Vassal monarchs

Those who have ruled over the sub-kingdoms and vassal monarchies of New Wessex:

  • John I, King of Saqqara: October - November 2003, ruled over Saqqara as a vassal to the King of Atlantis.
  • Unknown monarch(s) of Corran: Late 2007 - October 2009, ruled over Corran as a vassal to the King of the Taklamacan.
  • Ciaran II & III, King of Thebes: 5 March 2010 - 1 May 2010, ruled over Thebes as a vassal of the King/Emperor of Moylurg.
  • Declan I, Tsar of Orly: 8 December 2010 - 14 January 2012, ruled over Orly, technically as a vassal to himself as King of Wilcsland.
  • Frances I, Tsarina of Orly: 8 December 2010 - 15 February 2011, ruled over Orly as a vassal to the King of Wilcsland.
  • James I & IV, King of Thebes: 18 December 2010 - 10 February 2011, ruled over Thebes as a vassal of the King of Wilcsland.
  • Calum I, King of the Grove: 13 January 2011 - 14 January 2012, ruled over the Grove under the Viceroy of Orly and as a vassal to the Tsar of Orly (himself a vassal of the King of Wilcsland).
  • Ptolemy I Alexander, Tsar of Orly: 15–16 February 2011, ruled over Orly as a vassal to the King of Wilcsland.
  • Berenice I, Tsarina of Orly: 16 February 2011, ruled over Orly as a vassal to the King of Wilcsland.
  • Arsinoe I Cleopatra, Tsarina of Orly: 16–21 February 2011, ruled over Orly as a vassal to the King of Wilcsland.
  • Ptolemy II Helios, King of Orly: 21 February 2011 - 12 March 2011, ruled over Orly as a vassal to the King of Wilcsland.
  • Miles, Prince of Copan 8 March 2011 - 24 April 2011, ruled over Copan under the Viceroy of Orly and as a vassal to the Tsar of Orly (himself a vassal of the King of Wilcsland).
  • Joseph, Prince of Copan: 24 April 2011 - 2 August 2011, ruled over Copan under the Viceroy of Orly and as a vassal to the Tsar of Orly (himself a vassal of the King of Wilcsland).
  • Esmond, Prince of Copan: 2 August 2011 - 14 January 2012, rules over Copan under the Viceroy of Orly and as a vassal to the Tsar of Orly (himself a vassal of the King of Wilcsland).
  • Arsinoe II, Tsarina of Orly: 27–31 August 2011, ruled over Orly as a vassal to the King of Wilcsland.
  • Ptolemy IV, King of Saqqara: 19 September 2011 – present, rules over Saqqara as a vassal to the King of Wilcsland.
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United Kingdom of New Wessex

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